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中国城市居民家庭的消费结构分析:1995-2013
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TitleAn Analysis of the Consumption Structure of Chinese Urban Households: 1995-2013  
作者唐琦 夏庆杰 李实  
AuthorTang Qi , Xia Qingjie and Li Shi  
作者单位北京大学经济学院;北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院 
OrganizationSchool of Economics, Peking University;BNU Business School, Beijing Normal University 
作者Email1501110903@pku.edu.cn;qingjie.xia@pku.edu.cn; 
中文关键词消费结构 八大类消费 价格弹性 支出弹性 QUAIDS模型 
Key WordsConsumption Structure; Eight Categories; Consumer Price Elasticity; Expenditure Elasticity; QUAIDS Model 
内容提要本文使用QUAIDS结构方程模型对CHIP1995、2002、2013城市随机入户调查数据进行了分析,发现在1995-2013年期间,中国城镇家庭消费结构出现了极大的转变,在空间、时间维度以及不同类型的家庭之间差异明显。在空间上,地域差异由东、西、中部三级变为东、中西两级状;在1995-2002年期间,消费总量并没有出现显著增加,但是消费结构变化明显;在2002-2013年期间,家庭消费总量迅速上升显著,消费价格弹性绝对值逐渐增加,消费支出弹性渐趋于1,家庭消费结构更多地受到市场价格的影响而非可支配收入。随着中国城市家庭变得越来越富裕,食品消费、家庭设备与服务消费在总消费所占份额不断下降,然而住房消费在总消费所占份额由1995年的23%增加2013年的38%。住房消费份额不断上升会挤占其他家庭消费、降低总需求,同时也会增加工资上升的压力。 
AbstractThis paper uses the QUAIDS structural equation model to analyze the data of CHIP1995, 2002 and 2013(urban). It is found that during the period of 1995 to 2013, the structure of urban household consumption in China has changed greatly in space, time and the different types of families. In the space, the regional differences comes to two stages(east, west and central) from three stages(east, west, central); in 1995-2000, the total consumption did not show a significant increase, but the consumption structure changes significantly; However, in 2002-2013, the total amount of household consumption increased rapidly, the absolute value of consumer price elasticity gradually increased, the consumption expenditure elasticity gradually tend to 1, the family consumption structure is more affected by the market price rather than disposable income. With the increasing wealth of Chinese urban families, the share of food consumption, household equipment and services consumption in total consumption has been declining, but the share of housing consumption has increased from 23% in 1995 to 38% in 2013, The rising share of housing consumption will squeeze out other household consumption, reduce aggregate demand, and increase the pressure on wages. 
文章编号WP1303 
登载时间2018-10-26 
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