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生产率进步影响农村人力资本积累吗?——基于微观数据的研究
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TitleDoes Productivity Improvement Affect Farmers' Human Capital——A Study Based on Micro Perspective  
作者周京奎 王贵东 黄征学  
AuthorZhou Jingkui, Wang Guidong and Huang Zhengxue  
作者单位南开大学经济研究所;北京大学光华管理学院;国家发改委宏观院国土开发与地区经济研究所 
OrganizationEconomic Institution of Nankai University; Guanghua School of Management, Peking University;d: Institute of Spatial Development and Regional Economy National Development and Reform Commission 
作者Emailzjk2004@nankai.edu.cn;wangguidong@yahoo.com;hzx0331@sina.com.cn 
中文关键词动态一般均衡 农业生产率 农地禀赋 人力资本 
Key WordsDynamic General Equilibrium; Agriculture Productivity; Land Endowment; Human Capital 
内容提要本文采用中国家庭收入调查数据(CHIP),在动态一般均衡框架下,从理论和实证上研究了农业生产率提高对农村人力资本积累的影响。研究表明,随着农业生产率提高,农村家庭倾向于进行教育投资,进而提升了农村家庭人力资本积累;农业生产率的收入增长效应是提高家庭人力资本积累水平的重要机制;农业生产率提高对于户主从事农业的家庭人力资本积累水平提高具有显著的推动作用,但对于从事非农业生产的家庭来说,农业生产率的人力资本积累效应则不很显著;农业生产率对家庭学杂费支出、家庭教育支出均具有显著的正向影响。上述结论意味着,国家惠农政策向农业生产率提高和教育投资领域倾斜,对于促进农村人力资本积累具有重要意义。 
AbstractBased on nationally rural household panel data from 2003 to 2012, this paper examines theoretically and empirically the effects of agriculture productivity improvement on the farmers’ human capital. The results show that rural families who suffer the improvement of agriculture productivity have more preference of education investment, but the improvement of agriculture productivity has a weak effect on the human capital of household head. Comparing with the household head who works in non-agricultural production, the improvement of agriculture productivity leads a larger increase in the human capital of household head who engages in agriculture production. In addition, the improvement of agriculture productivity has a positive and significant effect on the investment of the number of participating in training and other culture service. This conclusion suggests that it is important to offer preferential treatment in improving the agriculture productivity and increasing education investment in rural area. 
文章编号WP1302 
登载时间2018-10-26 
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