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价格变化、有偏技术与经济结构变化对我国劳动要素收入份额的影响——基于卡尔曼滤波估计的计量研究
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TitlePrice changes, biased technology and the Economic Structure change on the influence of the factors of labor income share i  
作者樊茂清 高伟  
AuthorFan Maoqing and Gao Wei  
作者单位中央财经大学经济学院 
OrganizationSchool of Economics Central University of Finance and Economics 
作者Emailfmq2119@126.com 
中文关键词要素价格变化 有偏技术 卡尔曼滤波估计 劳动要素收入份额 
Key Words Factor price change; Biased technology; Kalman filter estimation; Economic structure change 
内容提要国民要素收入份额尤其是劳动要素收入份额的变化一直是社会各界关注的焦点。本文将国民收入细分为低级技能劳动要素收入、中级技能劳动要素收入、高级技能劳动要素收入以及资本要素收入。在产业部门层面上,运用1981~2012年的投入产出时间序列数据, 采用超越对数生产成本函数,建立卡尔曼滤波计量模型,估计了中国国民经济33部门低级、中级、高级技能劳动要素收入份额以及资本要素收入份额方程,对各类要素价格变化、有偏技术进步与经济结构变化对低级、中级、高级技能劳动要素份额以及资本要素份额的影响进行了实证研究。实证研究的结果表明:(1)在产业部门层面,一些部门资本要素收入份额在2005年后逐年下降,与此同时,劳动要素份额是上升的,主要原因在于日益扩大的高级技能劳动相对价格和低级技能劳动相对价格的差距。(2)在产业部门层面,劳动要素收入份额下降的主要原因在于低级技能劳动要素收入份额的下降。总体上,劳动要素收入份额的变化主要受到劳动技能结构以及产业结构变迁的综合影响。(3)要素价格、有偏技术进步与经济结构变化对低级、中级和高级技能劳动要素收入份额的变化趋势有重要的影响。 
AbstractThe change of the income share of the national factor, especially the labor factor, has always been the focus of attention of the society. In this paper, the national income is divided into lower skills of the labor elements of income, the intermediate skills of the elements of labor income, advanced skills of labor elements of income and capital elements of income. In the industrial sector level, using 1981 ~ 2012 input-output time series data, the translog production cost function, the establishment of Kalman filter measurement model, estimates of China's national economy, the 33 sector low middle and senior skilled labor and capital factor share share equations, the various elements of price change, partial technology progress with the change of economic structure makes an empirical study of the low, middle and senior skilled labor share and capital share of influence. The empirical results show that: (1) in the industrial sector level, some departments of capital income share decreased year by year in 2005 at the same time, the share of labor is rising, the main reason is that the advanced skills of growing relative prices and low skill labor price gap. (2) In the industrial sector level, the main reason for the decline of labor share is a decline in the low skilled labor factor income share; overall, comprehensive is mainly affected by low skilled labor income share and the industrial structure changes in labor share. (3) The factor price and technical progress, biased technical progress and economic structure changes have an important impact on the trend of changes in the share of low, medium and high skilled labor factor. 
文章编号WP1300 
登载时间2018-10-18 
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