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全球价值链及其在中国各区域延伸——区域互动与增值收益
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TitleThe Global Value Chains and Their Extension in China: Regional Interactions and Value-added Gains  
作者潘文卿 李跟强  
AuthorPan Wenqing and Li Genqiang  
作者单位清华大学经济管理学院 
OrganizationSchool of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University 
作者Emailpanwq@sem.tsinghua.edu.cn,ligq.13@sem.tsinghua.edu.cn 
中文关键词全球价值链 国家价值链 增加值供求偏好 增加值收益 
Key WordsGlobal Value Chains; National Value Chains; Value-Added Supply-Demand Preference; Trade Gains in Value Added 
内容提要本文利用包含中国不同区域的跨国投入产出表,从增加值供给与需求的双重视角考察全球价值链及其在中国国内延伸的过程中,中国各区域及其与亚太各经济体的增加值互动关系,并从增加值绩效角度分析中国各区域参与国家价值链和全球价值链的增加值收益。基于对包括中国不同区域在内的亚太各区域出口增加值构成的完全分解,本文实现了国内各区域价值链与国外价值链的精细对接,并发现中国各区域在增加值地域偏好上表现出明显的“向极性”;同时,中国内陆对沿海地区在增加值供求上的“礼尚往来”特征显著,而沿海地区则对美国和日本而非对内陆地区在增加值供求上具有更为明显的“礼尚往来”特征。在参与价值链的增加值收益上,无论是收益规模还是收益率,国家价值链都优于全球价值链;无论是参与国家价值链还是全球价值链,内陆区域的增加值收益率基本都好于沿海区域;参与价值链对本区域带来的增加值收益大部分被区域自身俘获,对国内其他区域带来的收益呈现与增加值供求特征的高度契合性,表明紧密的增加值供求关联可以实现贸易双方的互利共赢。 
AbstractBased on the Trans-national Inter-regional Input Output Tables including trade information of different regions of China, this paper studies the supply-demand roles of China's domestic regions and value-added interactions among China and other Asia-Pacific economies during the extension process of global value chains into China's domestic regions from the perspectives of both demand and supply of value added, and further evaluates trade gains in value added China's regions obtain from participating the national value chains (NVC) and the global value chains (GVC) from the perspective of value added efficiency. By the complete value-added accounting of exports for Asia-Pacific economies, this paper investigates the meticulous linkages between domestic regional value chains and foreign value chains and finds that China's domestic regions exhibit an obvious regional preference for economic poles, and a reciprocal value-added supply-demand linkage exists significantly between the inland and the coastal in China as well as between developing Asia-Pacific economies and developed ones such as United States and Japan. For trade gains, NVC is better than GVC based on measurements at both value added level and value added rate, while the inland of China exhibits basically a higher gain rate in value added than the coastal in both NVC and GVC. Furthermore, regions themselves capture most of trade gains from their participating the value chains, the rest of which is distributed to other regions as it does in value-added supply-demand linkages, implying closer supply-demand relationship in value added comes along with larger mutual benefits and stronger win-win cooperation. 
文章编号WP1286 
登载时间2018-07-06 
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