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收入不平等、信贷约束与农户社会地位寻求
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TitleIncome Inequality, Credit Constraints and Social Status Seeking of Households in Rural China  
作者杭斌 闫新华  
AuthorHang Bin and Yan Xinhua  
作者单位山西财经大学统计学院 
OrganizationSchool of Statistics, Shanxi University of Finance & Economics 
作者Emailhb-1493@163.com;yxhstat@163.com 
中文关键词收入不平等 社会地位寻求 信贷约束 地位性消费 
Key WordsIncome Inequality; Social Status Seeking; Credit Constraints; Positional Consumption 
内容提要本文基于消费外部性和信贷约束构建了一个新的理论框架,对收入不平等与中国农户消费的关系进行了理论和实证分析。利用2010年和2014年的微观跟踪调查数据,用耐用消费品和非耐用消费品分别代表地位性商品和普通商品,以家庭收入增长的快慢表示流动性约束强弱,我们发现:(1)收入不平等扩大会强化农户的地位攀比动机。(2)收入差距对农户地位性消费和日常消费的影响迥然不同。在信贷约束条件下,对地位性消费的攀比会挤出日常消费。流动性约束越强,收入差距对日常消费的抑制作用越大。 
AbstractThe article makes a theoretical and empirical analysis of the relationship between income inequality and households consumption in rural China by creating a new theoretical framework based on consumption externality and credit constraints. The analysis is conducted through tracing the micro survey data in 2010 and 2014, in which endurable consumption goods are assumed as positional goods and unendurable goods as non-positional goods. In addition, the growth rate of farming households’ income is viewed as the level of liquidity constraints. We have found that, firstly, the relationship between inequality income and consumption is related to people’s concern for social status. This, meanwhile, also relates to the validity of credit markets. Secondly, income gap has completely different impacts on the consumption of positional goods and non-positional goods. Under the credit constraints, comparison of positional consumption will squeeze out non-positional consumption. Stronger liquidity constraints lead to greater restraining force that income gap has exerted to non-positional consumption. 
文章编号WP1263 
登载时间2018-02-23 
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