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服务业与制造业间劳动力配置的决定——基于服务业潜在供给规模的视角
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TitleDetermination of Labor Allocation between Manufacturing and Service Industries  
作者巫强 安修伯 朱姝  
AuthorWu Qiang, An Xiubo and Zhu Shu  
作者单位南京大学经济学院 
OrganizationSchool of Economics, Nanjing University 
作者Emailqiangwu@nju.edu.cn;407613432@qq.com 
中文关键词服务业潜在供给规模 劳动力配置 供给侧结构性改革 
Key WordsPotential Supply Scale of Service Industry; Labor Allocation; The Supply Side Structural Reform 
内容提要供给侧结构性改革要求过剩制造业中冗余劳动力要素向服务业转移,服务业和制造业间劳动力配置决定的一般规律应被更多关注。本文提出服务业潜在供给规模能衡量服务业发展的绝对空间,吸引劳动力从制造业向服务业转移,是决定服务业与制造业间劳动力配置的核心因素。本文测算出中国30个省份2002-2013年的服务业、生产性服务业和生活性服务业潜在供给规模。结果表明这三者的潜在供给规模都在持续增长,但生产性服务业潜在供给规模占比普遍下降,且东部省份生产性服务业潜在供给规模占比小于其实际增加值占比,中西部省份则相反。实证研究发现,服务业潜在供给规模增长的确会提高服务业与制造业、服务业与重工业间的劳动力配置比例。本文还用服务业潜在供给规模与实际增加值的比重来衡量服务业发展的相对空间,证实其增长也起到同样效果。 
AbstractSupply side structural reform requires redundant labor in the excessive manufacturing industries to flow into the service industry, and research on labor allocation between service and manufacturing industries should be paid more attention. This paper proposes the potential supply scale of service industry could measure the absolute development space of the service industry, attract the labor to move from the manufacturing to the service industry, and is the core factor to determine the labor allocation between the service and manufacturing industry. This paper estimates the potential supply scales of service industry, producer service sector and consumer service sector of 30 provinces of China in 2002-2013. The results state these three potential supply scales expanded continuously, but the ratio of producer service potential supply scale decreased, and in eastern provinces, the ratio of producer service potential supply scale was smaller than the ratio of its real added value, and in middle and western provinces, it was the opposite. The empirical research proves that expansion of the potential supply scale of service industry improves the labor allocation ratios between service industry and manufacturing industry, service industry and heavy manufacturing industry, and attracts the labor flow from manufacturing to service. This paper also uses the ratio of the potential supply scale to the actual added value of service industry to measure the relative development space of the service industry, and proves it's expansion has the same effect.  
文章编号WP1239 
登载时间2017-11-16 
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