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全球价值链分工、产业集聚与企业生产率:“远亲”与“近邻”如何互动?
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TitleGlobal Value Chain, Industry’s Agglomeration and Firm’s Productivity: How does “Distant” interact with “neighbor”?  
作者苏丹妮 盛斌 邵朝对 陈帅  
AuthorSu Danni, Sheng Bin, Shao Chaodui and Chen Shuai  
作者单位南开大学 
OrganizationNankai University 
作者Emailsudanni1990@163.com;shengbin@nankai.edu.cn;duidui19900423@126.com;tekuai5602@vip.qq.com 
中文关键词全球价值链 产业集聚 生产率互动效应 生产体系二元分割 
Key WordsGlobal Value Chain; Industry’s Agglomeration; Productivity Interaction Effect; Binary Segmentation of Production System 
内容提要本文首次将国际生产体系下的全球价值链和国内生产体系下的本地化产业集群置于统一的分析框架,构建了企业全球价值链分工、产业集聚与企业生产率的互动机制,并在全方位测度企业全球价值链分工指标的基础上对2000-2006年中国制造业企业进行了实证分析。研究表明:GVC分工地位越高的企业生产率亦越高,但通过资源互通与能力互仿“双壁垒”而实施的战略隔绝弱化了本地化聚集经济对企业生产率的正向溢出,从这个角度而言,“远亲削弱了近邻”。从GVC不同嵌入方式来看,GVC上游参与度越高的企业与“近邻”的空间关联度越弱,而GVC下游参与度越高的企业与“近邻”的空间关联度越强。深入集聚三种空间外溢渠道后发现,主要通过劳动力共享和知识技术溢出,企业不同GVC嵌入方式与产业集聚呈现了异质性的生产率互动效应,造就了全球价值链视角下“上游嵌入者-下游嵌入者”与国内生产体系互动的二元分割结构,而中间投入共享并未发挥作用。 
AbstractThis paper for the first time putting the global value chain under international production system and the industry’s agglomeration under domestic production system in the unified framework, builds the interaction mechanism of global value chain, industry’s agglomeration and firm’s productivity, and makes empirical analysis on China's manufacturing firms on the basis of comprehensively measuring firms’ global value chain division index from 2000 to 2006. Research shows that: the higher the position in GVC, the higher productivity of firms, but the implementation of strategic isolation by “double barriers” of resources flowing and ability imitation weakens agglomeration’s positive spillover to the firms’ productivity, from this perspective, “Distant weakens neighbor”. From the point of different GVC embedding modes, the higher the participation rate of GVC upstream, the weaker the spatial correlation with “neighbor”, and the higher the participation rate of GVC downstream, the stronger of spatial correlation with “neighbor”. Further penetrating into three spatial spillover channels of agglomeration, mainly through labor sharing and knowledge-technology spillover, firms’ different GVC embedding modes present heterogeneous productivity effect, which makes the binary segmentation structure of “upstream embedding-downstream embedding” interacting with domestic production system, and input sharing does not play a role. 
文章编号WP1191 
登载时间2017-06-09 
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