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辖区竞争、要素匹配与跨区域产能合作——基于供给侧结构性改革的新政治经济学视角
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TitleJurisdiction Competition, Elements Matching and Regional Capacity Cooperation  
作者吴福象 邱晓东 段巍  
AuthorWu Fuxiang,Qiu Xiaodong and Duan Wei  
作者单位京大学经济学院 
OrganizationNANJING University 
作者Emailfxiangwu@nju.edu.cn;jsqiuxiaodong@163.com;dw942759615@163.com 
中文关键词辖区竞争;要素匹配;跨区域产能合作;供给侧结构性改革 
Key WordsJurisdiction competition; Elements matching; Cross-regional cooperation and capacity; Supply side structural reforms  
内容提要针对当前中国产业发展面临高端升级瓶颈与低端产能过剩的结构性冲突,本文基于供给侧结构性改革的新政治经济学视角,构建了劳动技能与技术复杂度双重异质性匹配模型,对辖区竞争与跨区域产能合作问题展开研究。结果表明,地方政府对产业发展机遇期的偏好,加上GDP锦标赛和扩大税基的冲动,放大了财税权、地方投融资权和企业管辖权的扩张效应,强化了政府在土地、信贷等方面过度补贴“战略新兴产业”,造成劳动者的技能水平与产业的技术复杂度严重不匹配,出现“高端产业低端化”的困境。同时,市场失灵、政府干预也是造成地区间产业同构的重要原因;地区间产业结构差异度不仅与投资来源和性质有关,国有及国有控股企业投资趋同也加剧了产业同构和要素错配;与之相反,“蒂伯特”选择的行业基本建设投资和企业更新改造投资,能有效的降低产业同构,促进跨区域产能合作。为此,地方政府在区域产业规划时,不仅要注重行业投资方向的选择,还要通过制度建设来强化区域统筹,减少地区间行政分割和竞争性行业过度投资造成市场和资源错配的负面效应,利用跨区域产能合作替代“各自为政”的辖区竞争。 
Abstract In this paper, based on the supply side of the structural reform of the new political economics perspective, we study on Jurisdiction competition, labor skills and industrial technology complexity match, and the problem of across regional capacity cooperation. The results show that: the local government’s preference for industry development opportunity, combined with GDP championships and broadening the base of impulse. amplify the effect of fiscal and taxation rights, the right to local investment and financing and enterprise jurisdiction. strengthen the government’s excessive subsidies on "strategic emerging industries" in terms of land. Causing the skill levels of workers and industry technical complexity mismatching seriously, Causing the problem of High-end industry turns to Low end. In this paper, measurement results also found that, market failure, government intervention are the important cause of industrial isomorphism; Area industrial structure difference degree is related to the investment source and the nature. State-owned and state holding enterprises investment convergence intensify the industrial isomorphism and elements mismatch. "Tiebout" choice of industry and infrastructure construction of enterprise innovation investment reduce industrial isomorphism, and will be good for cross-regional cooperation capacity. Therefore, the government’s planning in strategic emerging industries.,not only should pay attention to the direction of the industry investment review, but also strengthen regional coordination between industrial division of labor. Through the system construction to strengthen the area as a whole, reduce administrative partition and competitive industries investment’s negative impact on markets and resources mismatch. Promote the industrial structure to develop in the direction of agglomeration and the division of labor coordination.  
文章编号WP1188 
登载时间2017-06-02 
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