首都经济贸易大学金融学院招聘启事
工作论文
当前位置:首页 > 工作论文
我国产业是东西向转移还是南北向转移?——改革开放后中国产业转移模式研究
阅读全文         下载全文
TitleIndustry Transfer in China, East-west or North-south?  
作者安虎森 郑文光  
AuthorAn Husen and Zheng Wenguang  
作者单位南开大学经济研究所 
OrganizationNankai Institute of Economics, Nankai University 
作者Emailhusen@nankai.edu.cn,wgzheng2013@sina.cn 
中文关键词连续空间 技术水平梯度 劳动力增长率 产业转移方向 
Key WordsContinuous Geographic Area; the Gradient of Technical Level; Labor Force Growth Rate; the Direction of Industry Transfer 
内容提要本文从连续空间视角切入,构建了包含劳动力增长、技术创新的产业转移模型,并以此模型深入分析了改革开放后我国的产业转移模式。研究结论表明:(1)劳动力增长率和技术水平梯度的存在是发生产业转移的基本条件,高技术水平下的高经济租金的存在是产业转移的基本推力。(2)改革开放后,我国几乎没有发生从东向西的产业转移,但发生了从北向南的产业转移,即改革开放后我国产业转移的主要方向为南北向而不是东西向。(3)当存在技术水平“异常点”时,这种产业转移现象更加显著。因此,本文认为当国家在制定区域发展战略时应把重点放在南北向而不应放在东西向,西部应看成是我国的战略性大后方,东中部地区才是我国经济活动展开的主要区域。最后,基于我国劳动力增长趋缓的现实,国家应提高技术扩散强度,削弱因劳动力增长率下降所引发的负面效应。 
AbstractUnder the perspective of continuous space, this paper makes a deep research on the industrial transfer pattern of China, since reform and opening-up, by constructing an industrial transfer model consists of labor force growth and technological innovation. The research shows that the existence of labor growth rate and technical level gradient is the basic condition of industrial transfer, and the high economic rent which comes from the high technology level is the basic thrust of industrial transfer. Conclusions also indicated that there has been almost no industrial transfer from East to West after the reform and opening-up in China. On the contrary, the industry transfer from Northeast to South is notable. Then, “North-South” industry transfer pattern is revealed. At the same time, the simulation results show that if the “abnormal” of technical level is included in the model, the above phenomenon of “North-South” transfer will be even more remarkable. According to the above conclusions, this paper argues that Chinese regional development strategy should focus on “North-South”, rather than “East-West”. The East and Central regions are the main areas of economic activity, while the West should be regarded as strategic rear area. Based on the reality that the growth rate of labor force has been slowed down in China, technology diffusion intensity should be enhanced in order to weaken the negative effects caused by the decline of labor force growth rate. 
文章编号WP1163 
登载时间2017-02-28 
  • 主管单位:中国社会科学院     主办单位:中国社会科学院经济研究所
  • 经济研究杂志社版权所有 未经允许 不得转载     京ICP备10211437号
  • 本网所登载文章仅代表作者观点 不代表本网观点或意见 常年法律顾问:陆康(重光律师事务所)
  • 国际标准刊号 ISSN 0577-9154      国内统一刊号 CN11-1081/F       国内邮发代号 2-251        国外代号 M16
  • 地址:北京市西城区阜外月坛北小街2号   100836
  • 电话/传真:010-68034153
  • 本刊微信公众号:erj_weixin